Cashew nuts come from the seed of the cashew tree and are one of the most demanding and valuable nuts in the world despite their cost and availability. These nuts contain a rich source of healthy fats and protein.
They are also minimal in sugar, high in fiber, and have nearly the same protein levels as cooked meat. Cashews also feature a substantial quantity of copper, which is necessary for energy generation, cognitive development, and a healthy immune system. It possesses a good supply of various vitamins and a range of other essential health advantages. Along with being highly nutritious, they are also a means of a resource.
Most individuals consume cashews on a daily routine, not knowing from where they come. When offered as a snack, they may appear to be raw and in their natural state, yet it is very much toxic in its original state. The cashew trees are a part of the same family as poison ivy and similarly contain a toxin called Urushiol. Due to the toxicity found naturally in the plant, processing cashew nuts can be a challenging task. They can cause burns, irritation, and in some cases, blisters as a result of unprocessed cashews. It is also why they require more diligent processing than other nuts. On the branches, the tree develops a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk known as a cashew apple. That portion of the plant, however, is not the fruit. The actual product is a tiny, kidney-shaped structure that develops beneath the ripe fruit. The edible seed recognized to most people as a cashew nut bears within the fruit. On the other hand, these cashew kernels are roasted to eliminate the toxic fluid where the final product gets marketed as raw.
Regardless, its fruit has a variety of different uses. The oil from the cashew kernel shells may have other applications such as lubricants, waterproof coatings, and paints. The cashew apple ranges from a reddish to yellow fruit whose pulp and nectar undergo distillation and fermentation into liquor or other beverages.
Origin and Availability
The cashew nut is a native of Brazil. Even though it has spread to many tropical regions, some countries such as the United States are significant importers of cashews. As cashews flourish in tropical climes, ninety percent of the raw cashew nuts traded in the world market cultivates in twenty western and eastern African countries. Among these, other leading nations of its production are:
Cashews rank third in the global tree nut commerce, contributing to more than 20% of the economy and industry. The average worldwide cashew nut yield projects about one tonne of nuts per hectare, spanning around 6.86 lakh hectares of overall irrigated area in India.
Types of cashews
There are more than twenty-six types of cashew nuts, categorized by a unique grading system. The grading of these nuts will reveal information about their color, size, and pricing.
Since eating them in their natural state is not an option, all cashews have to go through specific processes that include roasting. Cashews are meticulously peeled off from their shell and examined for quality before being divided into sections. The raw and roasted cashews get categorized according to their physical traits simultaneously with the above factors, these comprise of:
- Geometric mean diameter
- Bulk density
- Porosity (a measure of void) and mass of cashew nut
The following are some of the most frequent types of cashew-nut available in the market:
It is the most large-sized and expensive cashew nut available, often referred to as the King of cashews. The reason behind its high price demand is its size and that it remains completely whole even when sold.
While the W-210 type is somewhat smaller than the King, it is nevertheless known and considered the jumbo size of cashew nuts.
The standard-sized W-240 is another step down in size. These rank under the mid-grade cashews and get very commonly seen in mixed nuts. Several people choose to purchase this variety of cashew nuts in bulk as they as significantly less expensive yet still looking as good as a King or Jumbo cashew.
It is by far the most common cashew nut to locate. These are also some of the most frequently sold and supplied types in countries that import cashews. The W-320, like the W-240, strikes the ideal balance between size and price. Because of the cost, they are considerably more enticing to the ordinary customer; hence, they satisfy the demands of the majority of the people when it comes to cashews.
This grade considers being the last in size of the whole cashews is seemingly noticeable. Because of their low cost, the W-450 is very desirable.
6. Scorched cashews
Scorched whole cashews are a kind of cashew kernel that is light brown in appearance. Although they have all the other characteristics of cashews that appear to be white and have the same nutritious values, the cashew kernels have a deeper brown color due to a slightly longer roasting duration.
Benefits of buying cashews
1. Cashews are a great example of something beneficial in large quantities. Therefore, buying cashews in bulk might spare you over twenty percent off the retail price. Moreover, getting bulk cashews is another cost-effective way to assure the consistent availability of this versatile nut. People who wish to avoid spending money on raw cashews opt for purchasing them in bulks. Using cashews in quantity for a variety of purposes may be similarly easy. If you like cashews and like to save money, buying them in bulk is a victorious option for you as you can enjoy the expense of making your dairy products.
For instance: You can make your very own cashew cream or butter at home. One of the qualities that many find so attractive about cashews is their distinct texture. These cashews are bursting with the delicious buttery taste that has made them the favorite for kernel lovers. It is a good alternative if you are allergic to peanuts. Its creamy consistency may also be applicable in other savory dishes.
2. A handful of cashews one time a day can significantly lower your chance of any heart disease. The vital nutrients present help oxygenate your blood, resulting in better blood circulation.
3. Cashews are typically a presentable garnish for several dishes. Nevertheless, you can add these nuts to your cereal breakfast or chocolate products for an enhanced taste. You may even prepare your brittle for any occasion at ease.
4. Adding cashews to your diet may assist with weight loss. Studies have shown, a diet rich in nuts is more beneficial and effective than nut-free diets. Roasted cashews may improve your body’s capacity to digest thoroughly, boosting the level of calories consumed. Its consumption suppresses hunger and gives the sensation of increased appetite, which can help you with weight loss.
You do not have to worry about your cashews going to waste because, surprisingly, you can store your cashews in sealed bags or containers and refrigerator them for more than five months. You can even freeze them up to a year to ensure they remain nutritious and delicious.